How to Install a Bathroom Exhaust Fan

When it comes to home ventilation, a bathroom vent is a crucial addition. Bathroom exhaust fans help remove odors, moisture-laden air and heat from the bathroom. In houses with multiple bathrooms, none of the bathrooms should share a vent no matter how close they are to each other. It’s best if each bathroom has their own exhaust fan. Mold growth, steamy mirrors, foggy windows, and other moisture-related problems can all be prevented with proper bathroom ventilation. For a bathroom with a size around 79 square feet, a small bathroom exhaust fan should provide adequate ventilation. Medium bathroom fans are adequate for bathrooms up to 100 square feet.

 Here are the steps you should take when installing an exhaust fan in your bathroom.

Create the Hole

Cutting a hole based on the size of the fan you’re installing is the first step you should take when installing a bathroom exhaust fan. It is best if the bathroom exhaust fan is placed above the toilet. Avoid placing it directly above the bathtub or shower. You should start by inserting a 16-inch roofing nail into the drywall of each corner where the fan will be installed to mark the location. The length of the nails should protrude into the attic, where you will continue installation. From the attic, find the location of the nails and outline the location with a pencil. Drill a hole in the drywall large enough to accept a saw blade, then cut out the plaster or drywall with a jigsaw or reciprocating saw. If the roof is inaccessible or there is no attic, locate a joist from the bathroom by using a stud sensor and use the fan enclosure as a guide while you cut the opening from below. Remember, never vent into the attic or a subfloor because the moist air you’re exhausting can create an environment perfect for mold growth.

Attach Fan Enclosure

Now it’s time to attach the fan enclosure to the joint with screws. Start by pushing back or cutting the insulation. There should be a 6-inch gap between the unit and insulation. Block the fan off from the insulation by cutting the pieces of a 2-foot x 4-foot board to fit between the joists then attach the pieces of wood with screws.

Make a Hole in the Roof

If you’re installing a bathroom fan side vent this won’t apply, otherwise keep reading! On the underside of the roof trace a circle large enough for the tailpipe and roof vent. Drill a hole through the roof using the traced circle for reference, then cut the circle out with the reciprocating saw. Next, cut the shingles on the roof from around the hole without damaging the roof paper underneath.

Roof Vent Installation

Slide the top flange of the roof vent under the shingles above it and let the bottom flange rest on the shingles below it. Seal the roof vent by applying roofing adhesive to the underside of the flanges. Use roofing nails to secure the vent flanges and seal the sides of the roof vent by installing shingles.

Connect the Fan

Once back inside, attach the flexible duct to the duct connector and slide clamps over the roof cap and fan and also the tail of the roof vent and fan. Tighten the clamps securely and wrap the joints with HVAC tape.

Wire the Fan and Switch

First make sure you cut off power at the circuit breaker. After shutting off the power, if no wiring is present then run wire cable from the switch to the fan. Use the manufacturer’s instructions to help you connect the wiring, then plug the fan motor into the built-in receptacle. If the fan and light switch has existing wiring, splice the white “neutral” wires and connect the grounds with wire connectors. Always take safety precautions such as using tools with rubber grips and wearing shoes with rubber soles when connecting wires. Next, connect power to both of the switches via two pigtails spliced to the feed wire. Connect the red and black wire to t heir switch terminals. Refer to the manufacturer’s instructions for testing and operating your bathroom fan.

Read more

How to become a c10 Electrical Contractor

If you would like to work as an electrical contractor in California on a project valued more than $500 then you are required to have a c10 electrical contractor license issued by the California Contractors State License Board (CSLB). You could face jail or be held legally answerable if you contract without a license. According to the California Code of Regulations, a c10 electrical contractor is any contractor that installs or connects any electrical wires, appliances, conduits, raceways, fixtures, solar photovoltaic cells, raceways or any system that generates, transforms, transmits or utilizes electrical energy in any form. Let’s look over the things you need to become a c10 electrical contractor.

When it comes to getting your c10 electrical contractor license in California, experience is a must. At least four years of job experience is required at a journeyman level or higher and there are two tests you must pass in order to be issued the license. There is an electrical contractor test and a business and law test.  Only upon successful completion of these two tests can you be issued your license. You will also need to complete one year of work as an electrical journeyman. However, you can receive three years of credit if you have completed an apprenticeship program and skip the four-year general requirement.

A copy of the Original Contractor’s License packet can be found at The California Contractors State License Board official website. This packet can help you familiarize yourself with the basics of the licensing procedure. The California Contractors State License Board requires applicants to submit a certificate of work experience from any employer. At least a year of work experience will be required.

Complete the application and turn it in for submission, ensuring you have provided all supplementary documents required and have paid any relevant fees. You will receive a request for your fingerprints as well as a notification to appear for examination. The CSLB will provide instructions on how send an electronic copy of your fingerprints from a local live scan facility. Once you have sent a copy of your fingerprints you will get a receipt from the live scan facility which should be submitted to the CSLB no later than 90 days after receiving your fingerprints request.

You will be required to sit for the two required tests after completing the above. The time and date of the tests will be sent with your exam notice. If you fail to appear for the exam at the requested time and date, you may be able to reschedule for a fee. Test results will be gathered before you leave the exam site and can be provided to you. After completing the exam instructions for submitting a surety bond and proof of worker’s compensation insurance will be given to you, along with a licensing fee. You should get a $15,000 surety bond and submit the original bond to the CSLB within a 90-day time frame of the bonds effective date.  You can get workers compensation insurance from any licensed insurance agency. Submit a copy of your insurance to the CSLB upon receiving it.

After passing the exams, submitting your fingerprints, getting a surety bond and paying the licensing fee, you can officially receive your wallet-sized pocket license in addition to a wall certificate. The wall certificate must be displayed in your main office at all times.

Read more

The Importance of Having a Bathroom Exhaust Fan

A bathroom exhaust fan is a ventilation device that exhausts air from indoors to the outdoors through a flexible tube or metal duct. Ventilation fans draw out moisture and odors from the bathroom to improve air quality. Having a bathroom exhaust fan is not only a great idea, but many building codes now require exhaust fans for new construction, or when undergoing major bathroom remodeling. Typically building codes will have specific recommendations for matching the size of the fan to the approximate square footage of the bathroom. Some building codes do not have this requirement, so check with your area just to be sure. Many bathrooms have operating windows that do not require exhaust fans, but a ventilation fan is always a great addition to any bathroom.

While most people may think that bathroom ventilation exhaust fans serve the primary purpose of removing odors, the more important function is actually removing moist, warm air created from the likes of a bathtub or shower. This buildup of moist air could lay the foundation for mold growth and also damage materials and fixtures in the bathroom which can be a pain to repair. If your bathroom has an unpleasant odor you can’t find the source of, you may be advised to install a bathroom exhaust fan and check for serious mold growth.

Without a ventilation fan in your bathroom, the excessive moisture buildup could also damage ceilings, walls, floors and certain fixtures. Hot water and the warm, humid air caused by it creates a perfect environment for mold and mildew to grow in. The bathroom is already a room known for carrying the most germs in the house, you wouldn’t’ want any extra microorganisms growing that could break down room materials such as wall paint and trim. Ventilation is necessary for almost every bathroom that wants to be deemed as healthy and safe.

Humidity reduction is essential for bathroom upkeep. In extreme cases humidity can accelerate the accumulation of mold and warp doors. Mold spores can be difficult to remove and a huge safety hazard, so preventing the growth of such mold as soon as possible is crucial. In addition to moisture and odors, the bathroom is also a place that is usually cleaned with aggressive chemicals which can cause health issues if inhaled for extended periods of time. This is not only a concern for adults, but also small children or people with existing lung conditions. If a bathroom already contains mold, an exhaust fan will also help remove buildup of airborne spores and slow the growth of any existing mold.

Everyone loves to look in the mirror after getting out of the shower, except when it’s extremely foggy! Bathroom exhaust fans help clear the water vapor on mirrors and walls by reducing the moisture in the air. This is great for those who don’t want to go through the trouble of wiping the fog off their mirror or wait for the bathroom to naturally expel the vapor upon exiting the shower.

Bathroom exhaust fans include many features nowadays. From unique style variations and an array of performance options, to fans with lights and moisture sensors, there are plenty of exhaust fans that should meet your needs. If you’re big on saving energy, timed switches can be installed to control your fan and shut off periodically. Remember to always check the functionality of your exhaust fan and prevent dirt buildup by dusting it often, your bathroom will thank you for doing so.

Read more

The Importance of Testing Electrical Equipment

Losing your business or property due to an unexpected electrical fire can be devastating. After pouring so much of your energy, resources and time into your company’s infrastructure and services, the last thing you want to do is lose it all. To avoid such losses and potential financial catastrophe, having a business property that is properly tested for potential electrical issues is among the most important steps you could take toward protecting your investment. Experiencing financial loss can happen as a result of production loss due to equipment failure or equipment malfunction. Testing electrical equipment frequently at different intervals can provide many benefits and play a big role in the proper working of your electrical systems.

Testing electrical equipment includes checking outlets and lighting fixtures to make sure they are functional, efficient and up-to-date. An electrical inspection done by experts will also include efforts to check that all electrical systems and appliances are installed properly and in good working order. Generally, the wiring of the building is also inspected to scan for damages that could be the result of weather damage, rodents or pests. These tests will ensure that your business equipment functions properly and will not short-circuit, creating unnecessary strain on your operations.

An electrical safety inspection isn’t something you should do just once, but frequently on a consistent basis to maintain the safety and functioning of the electrical systems in place. Commercial properties are recommended to get an electrical safety inspection and test at least every 5 years, but this duration could be shortened depending on the complexity of the electrical systems and the type of appliances being used. Saving time and money by skipping out on these periodic electrical equipment tests can be tempting, but you will be much better off in the long run by having them done properly. The potential fire risk to your equipment, building, and employees is far too great to ignore and could land you in big legal trouble. You don’t want to go through the process of dealing with grief, guilt, and huge financial losses due to the preventable injury or death of an employee. So be sure to cover all electrical equipment and systems to keep your customers and employees out of the way of harm.

Fewer malfunctions with electrical equipment will lead to greater returns on your investment. There are various testing devices that can be used to ensure accurate and reliable testing results for your electrical equipment. Inspectors are required to follow strict guidelines that enable businesses to maintain the highest quality standards for their equipment. Nearly 25 people die every year as a result of electrical accidents in the workplace, and more than 1,000 electrical accidents are reported to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) every year. Not only can electrical equipment directly produce electrical shocks to workers, but indirect injuries can also be a result of electrical malfunctions when it comes to using the likes of ladders or scaffolds. Electrical equipment tests are the only way to identify electrical equipment faults that could compromise the safety of electrical equipment, so thorough testing is highly recommended for minimizing the chance of injuries occurring.

Read more

What States Pay the Most for Electricians

Electricians install the electrical systems and perform the necessary maintenance that allow homes, industrial centers and businesses to function. Electricians also make the repairs that some of these buildings require to continue operating. Not all electricians have postsecondary training, some only have a high school diploma. However, all electricians are required to undergo an apprenticeship of four years before they can become officially licensed. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, electricians earn an average of $52,900 per year with the average hourly wage clocking in at $25.44.

The highest paid electricians are those who attended business school, earning an average of $79,100 annually. The majority of electricians work as building equipment contractors and make $52,700 per year. Electricians who work with local governments earn just above the national average, with an average income of $57,500 annually. Workers employed through temporary employment agencies are paid some of the lowest salaries, at an average of $46,000 per year. Job growth is estimated to grow at a rate of 23 percent per year from 2010 to 2020 according to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. This growth will result in around 133,000 new job positions. Factory work for electricians is expected to be the steadiest, as construction contracts tend to waver as the industry experiences ups and downs.

To determine which states pay the most for electricians, there are a number of factors that could be taken into consideration. Living expenses and job availability among them. However, we will crunch the numbers down to average annual salary to determine the highest paying states for electricians.

Alaska

Alaska is the highest paying state for electrician jobs with an average salary of $67,000 per year. Experienced electricians in the highest 10 percent can expect to earn $93,000 per year. Job openings range from journeyman electrician and aircraft electrician to maintenance specialist.

Oregon

Oregon is the second highest paying state for electricians. With an average annual salary of $62,000 per year. Job openings are plentiful and the highest earners in the 10 percent can expect to make $86,000 annually.

Wisconsin

With an average annual salary of $54,000 per year, Wisconsin comes in at third for highest paying state for electricians. There are many job openings and Tradesmen International and Tech Steel are among the top employers. The highest earners in the 10 percent earn $75,000 per year on average.

North Dakota

Electrician jobs in North Dakota net electricians an average annual salary of $53,000 per year. The highest 10 percent earn $74,000 annually. Job opening however, are typically filled with candidates and competition can be touch. There aren’t many job openings compared to other states but the pay is good and cost of living fair.

Wyoming

Wyoming is the fifth highest paying state for electricians, with an average annual salary of $52,000 per year. Top earners in the 10 percent can make $72,000 or more. This is another tough market with only a limited amount of job offers when compared to other states, so experience counts. Every state has power lines that homes and businesses depend on to operate, and the installation, maintenance and repair require professionals trained at what they do. So it doesn’t matter where you live or work, as long as you are a certified electrician you will have very few troubles finding work and earning a living.

Read more

Top 10 Advantages of LED Lighting

LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes) outperform many different types of lights such as incandescent lights, fluorescent lights, halogens and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lights. This is because they have a long lifespan, provide a very high-quality light, are more versatile and extremely efficient. Here are in-depth reasons that LED lights reign supreme.

  1. Extremely Long Lifespan

LED lights last anywhere from 50,000 to 100,000+ hours for most models. This is significantly longer than more dated lighting technologies such as incandescent and high-pressure sodium (HPS) lights.  Halogen or HPS lights can provide light for thousands of hours, but the quality degrades gradually as they start to burn out. LEDs, on the other hand, provide perfect lighting consistently for 50,000+ hours. It’s safe to say, maintenance costs are significantly lower with LED lights, which leads us to the next advantage.

  1. Energy and Cost Savings

LEDs only use a fraction of the energy that other types of lights use, so it’s no wonder that they are extremely energy efficient. A good example of this put to use would be Los Angeles upgrading their streetlights from old HPS lamps to new LED technology, which helped slashed streetlight energy usage by 75%. LED lights are a remarkably effective method for cutting power costs in large commercial applications. The Queens Museum in New York reduced their energy costs by 90% when they converted over to modern LED technology.

  1. High Quality Lighting

Lighting quality can be very important depending on the application. LEDs provide full saturation of color, with a color rendering index (CRI) rating ranging from 95 up to 98. Traditionally, lights such as halogen lamps were used for color rendering which presented problems by casting a warm hue over cooler-toned colors, drowning out their vibrancy. With LEDs, flowers, art, and food for example pop with more color and are much easier on the eyes.

  1. Durable

Long operating life is a very desirable trait when choosing lighting, but great durability is a major reason why LEDs can deliver such an extended operating life in the first place. LEDs are created with solid-state construction. Instead of using fragile filaments or pressurized gas, LEDs use a chip inside an epoxy resin which helps provide resistance to damage that can be sustained from impacts or vibrations. This makes LED lights a top choice for exterior lighting applications.

  1. Instant Lighting

There are no warm up or cool down periods with LED lights. This makes it so switching them on provides full brightness instantly. With other types of lights, they take a few minutes to fully illuminate the desired area.

  1. Eco-friendly Lighting

In addition to using only a fraction of the energy that other bulbs use, LEDs also have the advantage of not using toxic chemicals. Fluorescent lights for example, use mercury and phosphor which can present hazards during breakage or disposal.

  1. Reduced UV Emissions

LEDs actually emit almost no UV rays compared to fluorescent lights for example. Almost every type of light emits a bit of UV radiation, but LEDs emit the least. These UV rays aren’t harmful to humans, but they can be damaging to artwork and certain artifacts. This is largely the reason museums typically exhibit lower light levels. LEDs are a must for art galleries and supermarkets.

  1. Extra Color Temperatures

From warm 1800K to cools beyond 6000K, LED lights can provide a wide range of color temperatures. Technically, this means LEDs are a great choice for almost every application, from hospitals and hotels, to restaurants and retail stores.

  1. Diverse Operating Conditions

Whether it’s a hot environment or very cold, LEDs function very well in different temperatures and can be dimmed down without degrading light quality or experiencing flickers. This is an underrated advantage, as this huge operating range gives LED users an array of options on exactly where and how their LED lights can be used.

  1. Many Design Options

LEDs can be manufactured in many different shapes and sizes. This versatility is essential for making clean and modern aesthetics a reality. From disc-shapes to linear lighting fixtures, the possibilities know no bounds. LEDs are becoming increasingly common in applications that require unique lighting fixtures such as mansions and art galleries.

Read more

Top 10 Advantages of Switching to Energy-Efficient Lighting

Switching your most frequently used light fixtures or bulbs in your house to those labelled with the ENERGY STAR can save you extra money each year. Compared to traditional incandescent lightbulbs or halogen bulbs, compact fluorescent lights (CFLs) and light-emitting diodes (LEDs) have a multitude of advantages. On average CFLs and LEDs use anywhere from 25 percent to 80 percent less energy and can last five to twenty-five times longer. Energy-efficient bulbs created today come available with an array of light colors and various light dimming options. While energy-efficient lightbulbs are pricier, they cost less to operate which could save you money in the long run. Additionally, energy-efficient bulbs don’t need to be replaced as often so there are cost savings there as well. Let’s take a look at the top 10 advantages of switching to energy-efficient lightbulbs.

  1. Save Money

It’s no secret that energy-efficient lighting can save you money, but is the pricier initial cost worth it? When deciding on this factor, the type of energy-efficient lighting purchased may be of deeper consideration. Compact fluorescent lights have lengthy lifespans of around 10,000 hours, but LED lights can operate for up to 50,000 hours or more.

  1. Lower Emissions

UV emissions are generated by all artificial lights. However, these UV lights are not going to harm you by burning you while you sit in your living room. However, UV radiation from lights can damage paint or fabric over time.

  1. Enhanced Safety

Traditional lightbulbs generate a ton of heat. LEDs for example, consume little power and operate efficiently with low-voltage electrical systems. Incandescent lights convert 90% of the energy used to power them into heat.

  1. More Durable

Energy-efficient lights such as LEDs are significantly more durable than other types of lightbulbs. LED lights in particular are made from an epoxy resin encasing a tiny chip. Since LED lights don’t use glass, they are more resistant to shattering when dropped and can endure rattling or heavy vibration.

  1. Low Voltage

LEDs don’t require nearly as much power as incandescent lights to provide adequate lighting. Low voltage lights are more common outdoors because they can supply a bright light in situations where power is limited.

  1. Eco-Friendly

Not all energy-efficient lightbulbs are environmentally friendly. Fluorescent lights contain mercury for example, but LEDs are 100 percent recyclable and contain no mercury or phosphor.

  1. Instant Lighting

Some lightbulbs require a warm-up period before they reach full brightness. With LEDs full brightness can be attained in milliseconds and will not require minutes of waiting.

  1. Operational in Various Temperatures

Energy-efficient lights are great because they typically are better for extreme temperatures. If you work in very hot or extremely cold climates, energy-efficient lights such as LEDs can maintain light. Fluorescent lights do not have the same reputation, so choose your energy efficient lighting carefully.

  1. Flexible Design Options

Energy-efficient lights can exist in many different shapes and sizes, making them great for just about any application. No matter if you’re building a school or designing an art gallery, energy-efficient lights will enable you to explore the depths of your imagination.

  1. Direction Lighting

Energy-efficient lights such as LEDs emits light for only 180 degrees. This helps save energy because the light does not have to be redirected or reflect off of a surface to provide adequate lighting coverage.

Read more

How to Install A Light Dimmer

How to Install a Light Dimmer

Instead of switching your lights on and off, you can get a light dimmer that enables you to navigate through a wide range of light. Light dimmers are typically designed to fit the regular wall box opening, so replacing regular switches for incandescent or halogen lights is simple. There are two wire configurations that dimmers come with: single-pole standard dimmers and three-way dimmers. Single-pole dimmers enable you to control the light with a single switch. Three-way dimmers on the other hand, enable you to control the light with two switches. One switch lets you to turn the lights on and off and the other lets you dim the lights. You should use a three-way dimmer switch if you currently have two switches for controlling lights or even a group of lights.

Safety Precautions

Shut power to the circuit off at the breaker box before starting. Always use rubber-grip tools and wear proper shoes with rubber soles when handling wires. If the lights you currently have installed are regular compact fluorescent lights, you may want to consider swapping them out. Most dimmer switches are not intended to be used with fluorescent lights unless the packaging labels the CFLs as “dimmable.” Another thing to consider is if the switch is attached to a ceiling fan, as current fluctuations can burn ceiling fan motors out rather quickly.

The Tools

  • Wire cutters
  • Voltage tester
  • Slotted screwdriver
  • Philips-head screwdriver
  • Needle nose pliers
  • Wire Strippers

The Materials

  • Dimmers
  • Wall plates
  • Wire connectors
  • Electrical tape

Remove Existing Switch

After confirming that power to the circuit is shut off, remove the existing wall plate and the screws attaching the switch to the wall box. Pull the switch away from the wall carefully and leave any bundles of white wires you may see in the back of the wall. Test the wires with a voltage tester to verify that they aren’t carrying an electrical current. Switch off the correct circuit breaker if the tester detects voltage and then test again. If you are removing a three-way switch, one wire will be connected to a screw labeled “common” or a screw that has a different color. This is not to be confused with the ground wire which is usually connected to a green screw. Disconnect all of the wire from the old switch, removing any wire nuts around the switch wires in the process.

Connect New Dimmer

Use a wire stripper to cut off twisted ends of bent house wires and remove ¾ inch of casing from the end of the house wires if necessary. Connect the ground wire from the dimmer to the bare copper or green wire in the wall box then twist the ends together and cap them with a wire connector nut. Grip the wire ends from the dimmer and connect each one to a house wire by twisting them together. Dimmer wires are usually black, while the house wires could be red, white, black or have black marking. Twist a wire nut over each pair of wire ends securely. Trim the ends of bare exposed wires by unscrewing the wire connector and trimming the ends with a wire cutter. Re-cap the wires when finished trimming.

If installing a three-way switch, follow the same steps as above but connect the black dimmer wire to the common wire discussed previously. Then connect the two remaining dimmer wires, known as traveler wires, separately to the remaining wires in the wall. Mount the dimmer to the wall with the provided screws and then attach the wall plate.

Read more

How to install a GFCI

Installing a Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter (GFCI) can be simple and easy. A GFCI can prevent electrocution by cutting off power when it detects a foreign object coming into contact with it. It works by detecting a ground fault or leakage current and tripping the electrical circuits within milliseconds. Electricity is the cause of more than 100,000 fires each year and results in thousands of injuries. Let’s not forget the billions of dollars in economic losses! Avoiding electrical hazards are essential for modern day safety. A properly installed GFCI is the best safety device a home or business can have when it comes to preventing electrical fires. So how easy is it to install?

Safety First

Always remember to shut off the power to the outlet before you start the installation of the GFCI to avoid any risk of electrical shock. After shutting off power to the circuit, mark the breaker switch with a pen so you’ll be able to find it again in the future and if necessary, place a note on the panel warning others not to turn it on. You should wear shoes with rubber soles and use tools with rubber handles for extra precaution. The amp rating of the GFCI should match the amp rating of the wiring and breaker, this is very important! If this is your first time installing a GFCI you may want to take a photo of the current outlet before you disconnect the wires should you need to reference it later. Next, you should remove the wall plate and use the tester to verify the power is completely off.

Existing Outlet

After removing the outlet cover plate and using the circuit tester to verify the power is shut off, remove the two screws that hold the outlet in place. Gently pull the outlet out of the box. Now, you can start disconnecting the wires to the outlet. There are typically three wires connecting to the outlet. These wires include a green or pure copper wire, a black “hot” wire and a white “neutral” wire. Sometimes outlets have two pairs of white wires or two pairs of black wires connected to it, which means the outlet feeds power to the other outlets connected to the circuit. In this case, you will have to find out which pair of wires provides power from the primary panel.

After identifying the wires, remove them from the outlet and separate the ends so their bare tips will not touch each other or anything around. Restore power at the panel and use the circuit tester to determine which pair of wires carry the power. Those wires should be marked with masking tape. Now you can s hut the power off again to the circuit at the main panel.

GFCI Installation

GFCI outlets are pre-wired with two sets of wires marked “Line” and “Load.” The line wire functions similar to the hot wire and supplies incoming power. The load wire distributes power to additional outlets installed on the same circuit. Load wires on the GFCI also provide short-circuit and shock protection to those outlets. So the additional outlets also have shock protection, making it unnecessary to install GFCIs on every outlet.

  • Unscrew the terminal screws on the new GFCI then connect the black “hot” wire to the brass screw terminal labeled “line” on the GFCI outlet by inserting it into the wire hole and tightening the screw.
  • Next, connect the white “neutral” wire to the silver terminal screw labeled “line” wire on the GFCI outlet, remembering to tighten the terminal screw.
  • Tip: Always attach white to white and black to black.
  • If the outlet box includes four wires and a ground, take the second black wire and connect it to the brass screw terminal marked “load” and the second white wire to the silver screw terminal marked “load.”
  • Remember, the ground wire is always green or bare copper. Connect the ground wire to the green ground screw terminal and secure it in place by tightening the terminal screw.

Bend the wires carefully and push the GFCI into the wall, then tighten the mounting screws to secure the GFCI into the wall. Lastly, install the wall plate and go restore the power. Press the reset button on the GFCI. If it does not reset, then line and load wires may have been reversed during the installation process. In this case, contact a qualified electrician or refer to the “Testing” section of the manufacturer’s instruction sheet.

Read more